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- Date2021-02-23 17:57
- Update2021-02-23 17:57
- CountersignatureDivision of Research Planning
Korean Circulation Journal, 2020.50(3), 220-233, DOI: https://doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0176
One-Year Clinical Outcomes between Single- versus Multi-Staged PCI for ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction with Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease: from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH)
Kye Taek Ahn, Seok-Woo Seong; Seon-Ah Jin; Jae-Hwan Lee; Si Wan Choi; Myung Ho Jeong; Shung Chull Chae; Young Jo Kim; Chong Jin Kim; Hyo-Soo Kim; Myeong Chan Cho; Hyeon Cheol Gwon; Jin-Ok Jeong; In-Whan Seong
Background and objectives: Although complete revascularization is known superior to incomplete revascularization in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease (MVCD), there are no definite instructions on the optimal timing of non-culprit lesions percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We compared 1-year clinical outcomes between 2 different complete multi-vessel revascularization strategies.
Methods: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health, 606 patients with STEMI and MVCD who underwent complete revascularization were enrolled from November 2011 to December 2015. The patients were assigned to multi-vessel single-staged PCI (SS PCI) group (n=254) or multi-vessel multi-staged PCI (MS PCI) group (n=352). Propensity score matched 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the groups.
Results: At one year, MS PCI showed a significantly lower rate of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42; 95% confidential interval [CI], 0.19-0.92; p=0.030) compared with SS PCI. In subgroup analysis, all-cause mortality increased in SS PCI with cardiogenic shock (HR, 4.60; 95% CI, 1.54-13.77; p=0.006), age ≥65 years (HR, 4.00; 95% CI, 1.67-9.58, p=0.002), Killip class III/IV (HR, 7.32; 95% CI, 1.68-31.87; p=0.008), and creatinine clearance ≤60 mL/min (HR, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.10-7.18; p=0.031). After propensity score-matching, MS PCI showed a significantly lower risk of major adverse cardiovascular event than SS PCI.
Conclusions: SS PCI was associated with worse clinical outcomes compared with MS PCI. MS PCI for non-infarct-related artery could be a better option for patients with STEMI and MVCD, especially high-risk patients.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2019.0176
- ISBN or ISSN: 1738-5520
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.