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- Date2021-02-23 17:56
- Update2021-02-23 17:56
- CountersignatureDivision of Research Planning
Korean Journal of Internal Medicine, 2020.35(1), 119-132, DOI: https://doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2019.123
Pre-hospital delay and emergency medical services in acute myocardial infarction
Seung Hun Lee, Myung Ho Jeong; Joo Myung Lee; Hyeon-Cheol Gwon; Shung Chull Chae; In-Whan Seong; Jong-Seon Park; Jei Keon Chae; Seung-Ho Hur; Kwang Soo Cha; Hyo-Soo Kim; Ki-Bae Seung; Seung-Woon Rha; Tae Hoon Ahn; Chong-Jin Kim; Jin-Yong Hwang; Dong-Ju Choi; Junghan Yoon; Seung-Jae Joo; Kyung-Kuk Hwang; Doo-Il Kim; Seok Kyu Oh
Background/Aims: Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay.
Methods: Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center).
Results: A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS.
Conclusions: Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.3904/kjim.2019.123
- ISBN or ISSN: 1226-3303
- 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
- This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.