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Admission Hyperglycemia as a Predictor of Mortality in Acute Heart Failure: Comparison between ...
  • Date2021-02-23 17:19
  • Update2021-02-23 17:19
  • CountersignatureDivision of Research Planning
  • Tel043-719-8033

Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2020.9, 149-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9010149


Admission Hyperglycemia as a Predictor of Mortality in Acute Heart Failure: Comparison between the Diabetics and Non-Diabetics

Jae Yeong Cho, Kye Hun Kim; Sang Eun Lee; Hyun-Jai Cho; Hae-Young Lee; Jin-Oh Choi; Eun-Seok Jeon; Min-Seok Kim; Jae-Joong Kim; Kyung-Kuk Hwang; Shung Chull Chae; Sang Hong Baek; Seok-Min Kang; Dong-Ju Choi; Byung-Su Yoo; Youngkeun Ahn; Hyun-Young Park; Myeong-Chan Cho; Byung-Hee Oh


Abstract

    Background: To investigate the impact of admission hyperglycemia (HGL) on in-hospital death (IHD) and 1-year mortality in acute heart failure (AHF) patients with or without diabetes mellitus (DM).
    Methods: Among 5625 AHF patients enrolled in a nationwide registry, 5541 patients were divided into four groups based on the presence of admission HGL and diabetes mellitus (DM). Admission HGL was defined as admission glucose level > 200 mg/dL. IHD and 1-year mortality were compared.
    Results: IHD developed in 269 patients (4.9%), and 1-year death developed in 1220 patients (22.2%). DM was a significant predictor of 1-year death (24.8% in DM vs. 20.5% in non-DM, p < 0.001), but not for IHD. Interestingly, admission HGL was a significant predictor of both IHD (7.6% vs. 4.2%, p < 0.001) and 1-year death (26.2% vs. 21.3%, p = 0.001). Admission HGL was a significant predictor of IHD in both DM and non-DM group, whereas admission HGL was a significant predictor of 1-year death only in non-DM (27.8% vs. 19.9%, p = 0.003), but not in DM group. In multivariate analysis, admission HGL was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality in non-DM patients (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.03-1.69, p = 0.030).
    Conclusion: Admission HGL was a significant predictor of IHD and 1-year death in patients with AHF, whereas DM was only a predictor of 1-year death. Admission HGL was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality in non-DM patients with AHF, but not in DM patients. Careful monitoring and intensive medical therapy should be considered in AHF patients with admission HGL, regardless of DM.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


This public work may be used under the terms of the public interest source This public work may be used under the terms of the public interest source
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