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The Usefulness of Phospholipase A2 Receptor and IgG4 Detection in Differentiation Primary Membranous Nephropathy From Secondary Membranous Nephropathy in Renal Biopsy
  • 작성일2019-05-14
  • 최종수정일2019-05-27
  • 담당부서연구기획과
  • 연락처043-719-8033
  • 907
Applied immunohistochemistry and molecular morphology, 2018, 26(8), 591─598, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/PAI.0000000000000460

The Usefulness of Phospholipase A2 Receptor and IgG4 Detection in Differentiation Primary Membranous Nephropathy From Secondary Membranous Nephropathy in Renal Biopsy

Min-kyung Yeo, Yoo Hyung Kim; Dae Eun Choi; Song-Yi Choi; Kyung-Hee Kim; Kwang-Sun Suh

Abstract

    Membranous nephropathy (MGN) is the most common cause of the nephrotic syndrome in adults. Most cases of MGN are primary, but secondary MGN are frequently encountered. Determination of secondary MGN is crucial for initiation of appropriate treatment. The diagnostic performance of the phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) detection based on immunohistochemistry were evaluated using biopsy tissues of 59 primary and 56 secondary MGN cases for discrimination between primary MGN and secondary MGN. The PLA2R and IgG4 detection based on immunohistochemistry were dominantly positive in primary MGN cases. Sensitivity and specificity values for identification of primary MGN were 83% and 88% for PLA2R, and 76% and 86% for IgG4. Both PLA2R and IgG4 positivity showed a high specificity of 96.4% for identifying primary MGN. A metaanalysis was performed for analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of histologic PLA2R and IgG4 deposition for differentiation of primary from secondaryMGN. The overall sensitivity, specificity, and area under curve of summary receiver operating characteristics were 76%, 86%, 0.93 for histologic PLA2R deposition, and 80%, 69%, 0.82 for histologic IgG4 deposition. PLA2R and IgG4 detection based on immunohistochemistry can be useful for differentiation of primary MGN from secondary MGN.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제(과제번호 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) 연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund(code 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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