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Whole-exome sequencing identified mutational profiles of squamous cell carcinomas of anus
  • 작성일2019-05-14
  • 최종수정일2019-05-27
  • 담당부서연구기획과
  • 연락처043-719-8033
  • 856
Human pathology, 2018, 80, 1─10, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2018.03.008

Whole-exome sequencing identified mutational profiles of squamous cell carcinomas of anus

Sun Shin, Mi-Ryung Han; Sung Hak Lee; Seung Hyun Jung; Sug Hyung Lee; Yeun-Jun Chung

Abstract

    Anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC), either with human papillomavirus (+) or (−), is a neoplastic disease with frequent recurrence and metastasis. To characterize ASCC genomes, we attempted to disclose novel alterations of ASCC genomes and other genetic features including mutation signatures. We performed whole-exome sequencing and copy number alteration (CNA) profiling for 8 ASCC samples from 6 patients (2 cases with primary and recurrent/metastatic tumors). We found known ASCC mutations (TP53, CDKN2A, and PIK3CA) and CNAs (gains on 3q and 19q and losses on 11q and 13q). In addition, we discovered novel mutations in HRAS and ARID1A and CNAs (gain on 8q and losses 5q, 9p, 10q, and 19p) that had not been reported in ASCCs. We identified 4 signature patterns of themutations (signatures 1 and 2 with deamination of 5-methyl-cytosin, signature 3 with APOBEC, and signature 4 with mismatch repair) in the ASCCs. Although signatures 1 to 3 have been detected in other SCCs, signature 4 was first identified in ASCCs. In addition, we first found that ASCCs harbored chromothripsis, copy-neutral losses of heterozygosity, and focal amplification of KLF5 super-enhancer. Analyses of primary and recurrent/metastatic pair genomes revealed that driver events in development and progression of ASCC might not be uniform. Our data indicate that ASCCs may have similar mutation and CNA profiles to other SCCs, but that there are unique genomic features of ASCCs as well. Our data may provide useful information for ASCC pathogenesis and for developing clinical strategies for ASCC.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제(과제번호 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) 연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund(code 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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