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Identification of genomic aberrations associated with lymph node metastasis in diffuse-type gastric cancer
  • 작성일2019-05-09
  • 최종수정일2019-05-09
  • 담당부서연구기획과
  • 연락처043-719-8033
  • 530
Experimental & Molecular Medicine, 2018, 50(4), 6─, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s12276-017-0009-6

Identification of genomic aberrations associated with lymph node metastasis in diffuse-type gastric cancer

Ji-Hye Choi, Young-Bae Kim; Ji Mi Ahn; Min Jae Kim; Won Jung Bae; Sang-Uk Han; Hyun Goo Woo; Dakeun Lee

Abstract

    Diffuse-type gastric cancer (DGC) is a GC subtype with heterogeneous clinical outcomes. Lymph node metastasis of DGC heralds a dismal progression, which hampers the curative treatment of patients. However, the genomic heterogeneity of DGC remains unknown. To identify genomic variations associated with lymph node metastasis in DGC, we performed whole exome sequencing on 23 cases of DGC and paired non-tumor tissues and compared the mutation profiles according to the presence (N3, n = 13) or absence (N0, n = 10) of regional lymph node metastasis. Overall, we identified 185 recurrently mutated genes in DGC, which included a significant novel mutation at CMTM2, as well as previously known mutations at CDH1, RHOA, and TP53. Noticeably, CMTM2 expression could predict the prognostic outcomes of DGC but not intestinal-type GC (IGC), indicating pivotal roles of CMTM2 in DGC progression. In addition, we identified a recurrent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of DNA copy numbers at the 3p12-pcen locus in DGC. A comparison of N0 and N3 tumors showed that N3 tumors exhibited more frequent DNA copy number aberrations, including copy-neutral LOH and mutations of CpTpT trinucleotides, than N0 tumors (P = 0.2 × 10−3). In conclusion, DGCs have distinct profiles of somatic mutations and DNA copy numbers according to the status of lymph node metastasis, and this might be helpful in delineating the pathobiology of DGC.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제(과제번호 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) 연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund(code 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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