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Gene expression profile of human lung in a relatively early stage of COPD with emphysema
  • 작성일2019-05-09
  • 최종수정일2019-05-09
  • 담당부서연구기획과
  • 연락처043-719-8033
  • 1,108
International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 2018, 13, 2643─2655, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S166812

Gene expression profile of human lung in a relatively early stage of COPD with emphysema

Ina Jeong, Dong Kyu Oh; Woo Jin Kim; Yeon-Mok Oh

Abstract

    Purpose: As only some smokers develop COPD with emphysema, we explored the molecular pathogenesis of early-stage COPD with emphysema using gene expression profiling of human lung tissues.
    Patients and methods: First, 110 subjects who had smoked more than ten pack-years were classified into three groups: COPD with emphysema, COPD without emphysema, and healthy smokers. COPD and emphysema were confirmed by post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity 0.7 and by chest computed tomography. Lung tissues obtained surgically from the 110 subjects were processed and used for RNA-Seq analysis.
    Results: Among the 110 subjects, 29 had COPD with emphysema, 21 had COPD without emphysema, and 60 were healthy smokers; their mean post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second values were 78%, 80%, and 94%, respectively. Using RNA-Seq, we evaluated 16,676 genes expressed in lung tissues. Among them, 1,226 genes in the COPD with emphysema group and 434 genes in the COPD without emphysema group were differentially expressed genes compared to the expression in healthy smokers. In the COPD with emphysema group, ACER2 and LMAN2L were markedly increased and decreased, respectively. In the COPD without emphysema group, the CHRM3 gene, previously reported to be associated with COPD, and HDAC10 were markedly increased and decreased, respectively.
    Conclusion: Our study identified differences in gene expression in subjects with COPD according to emphysema status using RNA-Seq tranome analysis. These findings may have mechanistic implications in COPD.



  • 본 연구는 질병관리본부 연구개발과제(과제번호 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) 연구비를 지원받아 수행되었습니다.
  • This research was supported by a fund(code 2018-보건의료생물자원종합관리) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


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